Cause of balanoposthitis in male dogs and how to treat it

The sign of balanoposthitis in male dogs is the presence of pus on the dog’s penis. At first glance, you might think that it is a normal symptom of male dogs. However, it can be caused leading to balanoposthitis in male dogs which makes dogs extremely uncomfortable. It can occur at any age. The following article of Pet Mart will help you understand this situation of dogs.


What is male dog with foreskin?

Penis and Prepuce consist of the tissue, organizational units around the penis, and infected foreskin. There are also many reasons for this situation.

Male dogs will feel extremely uncomfortable. We clean their penis with their tongue. That can not prevent the development of the disease.By contrast, that makes them find more itchy and uncomfortable.

The cause of balanoposthitis in male dogs

  • Bacterial infection.
  • Viral infections (including STIs).
  • Fungal infections.
  • Chemical agitation.
  • Allergy.
  • Physical trauma.
  • Atopic dermatitis.
  • It could be due to torn or ruptured foreskin.

Males getting balanoposthitis because of opportunistic bacterial

The most common cause of balanoposthitis in male dogs is bacterial infection. Bacteria in a dog’s environment, including inside or outside the home, can find their ways to enter into their genital organs. It can even happen when the dogs are licking themselves for hygiene purposes. If they have bacteria on their mouth, perhaps from eating something unhygienic, they can pass it onto their genital region. The main types of bacteria are:

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Klebsiella sp.

These bacteria are naturally present in a dog’s foreskin but when they have a chance, they reproduce and cause problems. Therefore, these are called opportunistic bacteria. Other microorganisms commonly involved in balanoposthitis in dogs are Mycoplasma. Ureaplasma species may also be involved, although this is less frequent.

Males get balanoposthitis because of mating

Sexually transmitted diseases or infections in dogs are possible, especially in dogs which have not been properly vaccinated. The Herpes virus is one of the most common STDs in dogs. The result of an infection can lead to inflammation of the penis.

Symptoms of dogs with balanoposthitis in male dogs

The most common sign of balanoposthitis in male dogs is the presence of pus on the dog’s penis. Depending on the type of infection, pus’s color can be different. It can be yellow or green. In addition, there are many other symptoms:

  • Inflammation of penis.
  • Redness.
  • Excessive licking of genitals.
  • Secretion of pus from the penis.
  • Blood from the penis.
  • Abnormal growth on the penis.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Irritation.
  • Pain.

There may be a foul odor from the genital area, but this will not likely be as noticeable as visual symptoms. Bacterial infections can become acute if dogs are not treated which is why it is so important to take your dog to a vet whenever symptoms first appear.

Balanoposthitis in male dogs is very dangerous

Dogs getting balanoposthitis can become infected. In mild cases, it is easy to treat. You can wash dogs by hydrogen peroxide once a week, apply antibiotic ointment for them and clean them regularly. However, if it is in severe infections, the dog will feel uncomfortable, tired, and painful when urinating. When suspecting of infection in any cases, you should ask for the assistance of a veterinarian.

The condition gets worse when irritation and dryness appear on the surface of the penis after the penis protrudes for a few minutes to a few hours, and then penis is in contact with environmental surfaces such as ground, carpet … In addition, edema (swelling) will occur because blood is limited so it flows backward from the tip of the penis. That continues to prevent the glans from receding and limit the proper flow of urine through the urethra which leads to bladder enlargement and discomfort.

An external factor is jammed in the foreskin, which can cause tears of the foreskin. Or it could be the result of an underlying tumor around that area. In the case of puppy’s foreskin stenosis, it is not really serious. It can directly affect pets’ reproduction and sexual performance. However, if the dog’s body is large enough, the foreskin stenosis is harmful. It will lead to many consequences. Always check, pay attention to the ability to “protrude” of the penis when it erects.

Diagnose balanoposthitis in male dogs

Firstly, The veterinarian will examine the physicality of the dog’s genitals. They do not need to carry out other diagnostic tests except if the condition is suspected.

The dog’s penis is self-lubricating. This means that dogs produce a secretion that is used for lubrication. The secretions can mix with dead skin cells to form something called a smegma.

How to cure balanoposthitis in male dogs

In all cases, you should trim the dog’s hair cleanly on the tip of the penis. Monitoring the return of pus will be useful in diagnosis and treatment of balanoposthitis. This disease is relatively difficult to treat. Be careful when using any medications and treatments for dogs. It is the best way to take them to a veterinarian so that we are treated well. 

Antibiotics can be used in severe infections. Dogs can drink antibiotics or be applied antibiotic ointments on the penis. Combine daily care and hygiene for your dog regularly, especially the penis area. During a heat period, there can be collisions that can damage the dog’s genitals. Make sure that during this time you can control their behavior.

If you do not have dogs because of breeding purposes, you can sterilize them. This keeps the dog healthy and greatly reduces the risk of disease, especially balanoposthitis.

Hope that the above article is useful to you. Try to take care of your pet well and avoid unknowing dogs getting sick. Wish you and your dog stay healthy.

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