Jaundice in dogs – What we don’t know yet

Jaundice in dogs, if not treated promptly, can be dangerous for pets. Currently, many owners are still not aware of this disease. WewPet will give you the information you need to be able to take care of your dog in the best way. Minimize the risks that canine jaundice can cause.


The cause of jaundice in dogs

 Jaundice is primarily caused by the liver. It is a manifestation of impaired liver function. This causes the Bilirubin pigment to change its activity. When infected, your dog will regurgitate the amount of pigment Bilirubin into the mucosa and tissues.

This makes the mouth, eye mucosa, skin… these parts turn yellow. In addition, there are many other causes of jaundice in dogs. Here are some of the most common causes:

  • Chemical problems: pesticides, carbon tetrachloride-type rat poison, and overdose of injectable drugs destroy the liver.
  •  Infectious diseases caused by bacteria and viruses: Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis disease.
  •  Parasite: Heart Worm disease
  •  Cushing’s syndrome and diabetes.
  •  Tumor or Cancer.
  •  Pancreatitis, stones, cancer, or infection.
  •  Bile duct obstruction.
  •  Injury.
  •  Incompatible blood transfusion.

Jaundice is a dangerous disease, the owner should not be subjective. Many cases, when asked about the disease, hardly know the information. Therefore, before raising any of these pets, please learn carefully about veterinary care for them to avoid any eventful event that can happen.

Symptoms of jaundice in dogs

Jaundice causes the dog to show anorexia, anorexia, weakness, and weight loss. Your dog may experience a lot of vomiting and diarrhea is common. This is followed by signs of thirst, drinking a lot of water, and dark red urine.

Also manifested by fever, abdominal pain. The liver cells die and cannot regenerate properly. When dogs show signs of severe impairment of liver function, up to 80% of liver cells die. The liver becomes hardened (cirrhosis) called “cirrhosis”. The whole body is depressed.

In more severe cases the dog will not eat, become tired, and have shortness of breath. Expressed symptoms of jaundice and mucosa. If the dog was in a bad condition, the risk of death was high. Ideally, if the dog is experiencing initial symptoms, see a veterinarian for assistance.


Diagnose your dog’s jaundice

To diagnose jaundice in dogs, you need to give your doctor all the information related to your dog. After that, the doctor will conduct a fitness check with them along with detailed tests. When you know the condition of the dog with jaundice, appropriate treatment will be given.

Tests including a blood count test, biochemical test, and urine analysis will be performed. These tests will provide valuable information for an initial diagnosis. CBC tests can only see changes in the RBC structure, changes associated with underlying conditions such as severe anemia, parasitemia, and platelet levels (cells involved in coagulation. blood) abnormally low.

Meanwhile, biochemical tests may reveal abnormally high levels of liver enzymes due to liver damage. And urine analysis will reveal abnormally high concentrations of Bilirubin in the urine. X-ray tests will help determine the structure and size of the liver, the central organ in the disease. These X-ray tests often detect enlarged liver, suggesting the presence of a mass or tumor, enlargement of the spleen in some cases, and foreign bodies.

A chest x-ray can show metastasis if the tumor is the cause. An ultrasound will also be performed so that the veterinarian can assess the liver structure in detail, help distinguish the liver disease from obstruction of the bile ducts, as well as differentiate tumors from mechanical obstruction.

Besides, there are more specific tests to diagnose jaundice. However, all also need to be based on an analysis of the basic causes presented above. A veterinarian may take a sample of liver tissue for a more detailed assessment of jaundice. Liver tissue samples may be collected through a needle or during surgery.

Treatment methods for jaundice

The treatment of jaundice in dogs depends on the underlying cause of the disease.

  •  In the case of cancer: chemotherapy may be used to reduce tumor size or surgery to remove affected tissue.
  •  For dogs with liver disease: can be treated with a variety of medications that can reduce inflammation and scarring.
  •  In the case of anemia: a blood transfusion may be the best solution.
  •  In case of infection: antibiotics are very necessary, contributing to increasing the resistance, helping the dog stronger quickly.

Note when caring for a dog with jaundice

When you find that a dog has jaundice, you should pay attention to take care of it. Pay special attention to a proper diet, punctuality of medications, complete rest and regular monitoring will help your dog throughout the healing process.

Do not give your dog any medication or adjust his dosage without the express approval of your veterinarian. In particular, the pain reliever is believed to be toxic to the liver in this condition. Since the liver is the central organ of metabolism, poisoning can occur in cases of liver failure.

Dogs with liver failure require extreme care at home due to the inherent instability of the condition. These animals can bleed at any moment. If you find your pet is bleeding, call your veterinarian immediately for help. Also, notify your veterinarian if your dog’s feces or urine discolored.

Get a full vaccination for puppies

For the best prevention of jaundice in dogs, you should fully vaccinate your dog. Follow the schedule and cycle your doctor has prescribed. Avoid the case that despite the vaccination but is ineffective because of the date difference.

Usually, puppies need a vaccination about 1 week after buying. You should bring your dog to the veterinarian’s house to do a thorough checkup and advice on the puppy vaccination procedure. If your dog has not been vaccinated, you should be vaccinated against 5 or 7 infectious diseases such as Care, Parvo, Lepto, Rabies … Every injection must be labeled with the drug and date of injection and the person who is given the vaccination is signed in the dog’s health book.

Every year, at the health centers in the residential areas, they organize periodical vaccinations for livestock. You can have your pet vaccinated at these locations. If not, you can take the dog to the vet for direct injection. Note, before vaccination needs worming for dogs 3 – 4 weeks in advance. Absolutely avoid deworming and vaccination at the same time, vaccinated will not work.

Take control of your dog’s diet

You can also avoid this by controlling your dog’s food. Do not allow your puppy to eat spoiled, poisonous food. Diet must be full of nutrients and energy: Protein, fat, starch, minerals, and vitamins from natural foods. You should balance your dog’s nutrition so that they can grow steadily.

Do not overdo drugs or synthetic foods. Be very careful not to overfeed milk, fish, fat. Pay special attention to dangerous dog foods, rancid food, expired, or other animal foods. It can contain many toxins that can cause cancer and allergies to dogs. In particular, these foods can seriously affect your dog’s liver. Be careful.

It is best to feed about 3-4 meals a day, just eat close to full, then stop. Do not keep dog food ready to eat when you like. Clean drinking water, always full. Never overfeed your dog. Feeding utensils: bowls, dishes… must always be cleaned and dry and must be flushed with water to remove alkaline (base) alkalinity of soap.

Worm remover for dogs periodically

At least 2 times when the dog is 4 months old to treat all kinds of worms: roundworm, hookworm … Should be given medicine to prevent heartworm from 4 months old. You can refer to some dog worm removers of reputable brands at WewPet. There are deworming agents available for dogs of all ages. Suitable for all different breeds of dogs like Poodle, Alaska, Becgie …

  1. Zantel: applicable to all breeds of dogs. Treatment of helminths, roundworms, hookworms, pinworms, and parasitic worms in a wide range, nematodes, and tapeworms in dogs and cats. Can be taken with food or given to animals on an empty stomach for best results.
  2.  Bayer: treatment of nematode infection on puppies under 1-year-old such as Roundworm: Toxocara Canis, Toxascaris leonina, Hookworm: Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephala, Trichuris vulpis whipworm.
  3.  Heartgard Plus: destroys hookworm larvae to prevent hookworm, treat, and inhibit roundworm (Toxocara roundworm) and hookworm (hookworm, hookworm).

In addition to proper care for pets and timely detection of clinical signs, liver tests are required. The liver function and enzyme results can determine if the dog is ill. Need for early detection, the higher the cure rate.

Hopefully, information about this dog jaundice can be of help to you. Wish your puppy always healthy.

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